Culture is a complex subject with many components.
George Boeree Welcome to "Theories of Personality! It will include biographies, basic terms and concepts, assessment methods and therapies, discussions and anecdotes, and references for further reading.
Some of you may find the area a bit confusing. First, many people ask "who's right. Much of it involves things that are only accessible to the person him- or herself -- your inner thoughts and feelings.
Some of it is thought not to be available even to the person -- your instincts and unconscious motivations. In other words, personality is still very much in a "pre-scientific" or philosophical stage, and some aspects may well always remain that way.
Another thing that throws some people about personality theories is that they come into it thinking it's the easiest topic of all, and that everyone -- especially they themselves -- already knows all the answers. Well, it's true that personality theories doesn't involve all the higher math and symbolic systems that physics and chemistry the famously "tough" courses!
And it's true that we all have pretty direct access to our own thoughts and feelings, and plenty of experience dealing with people. But we are mistaking familiarity with knowledge, and in much of what we think we know turns out to be prejudices and biases we've picked up over the years.
In fact, the topic of theories of personality is probably one of the most difficult and most complex we ever deal with. So, at present, we are stuck with theories plural rather than the science of personality.
As we go through the various theories, however, there will be ones that fit well with your experiences of self and other -- that tends to be a good sign. And there will be times that several theorists say similar things, even though they are taking very different approaches -- that, too, is a good sign.
And once in a blue moon there is a research program that supports certain ideas over others -- that's a very good sign.
What makes personality theories so interesting, I think, is that we can actually participate in the process. You don't need labs and federal funding, just a bit of intelligence, some motivation, and an open mind. Theory It might be nice to start off with a definition of theories of personality.
A theory is a model of reality that helps us to understand, explain, predict, and control that reality. In the study of personality, these models are usually verbal. Every now and then, someone comes up with a graphic model, with symbolic illustrations, or a mathematical model, or even a computer model.
But words are the basic form. Different approaches focus on different aspects of theory. Humanists and Existentialists tend to focus on the understanding part. They believe that much of what we are is way too complex and embedded in history and culture to "predict and control.
Behaviorists and Freudians, on the other hand, prefer to discuss prediction and control.
If an idea is useful, if it works, go with it! Understanding, to them, is secondary. Another definition says that a theory is a guide to action: We figure that the future will be something like the past.
We figure that certain sequences and patterns of events that have occurred frequently before are likely to occur again. So we look to the first events of a sequence, or the most vivid parts of a pattern, to serve as our landmarks and warning signals.
A theory is a little like a map: It isn't the same as the countryside it describes; it certainly doesn't give you every detail; it may not even be terribly accurate. But it does provide a guide to action -- and gives us something to correct when it fails. Personality Usually when we talk about someone's personality, we are talking about what makes that person different from other people, perhaps even unique.Interesting.
I have Never really thought about web sites having a personality, but I guess they do. I wonder if a look at the top web sites and search engines would reveal that some personalities are more popular than others. Natural selection could have influence on lizards' 'personalities' Date: July 3, Source: Harvard University Summary: In a recent study, scientists have demonstrated a link between individual.
If the culture was to not have any effect on a person's personality then each person would have tried to fulfill his desires directly without taking any turns and his personality would have been affected in another way.
A large body of literature suggests that the Big Five personality factors emerge in various cultures.
However, caution is required in arguing for such universality, because most studies have not included emic (culture-specific) traits and have not studied samples that are extremely different in culture from Western samples. Concept of African Personality.
Among Zambian Students: Sociological Implications – Summary of M. A. Thesis. By. Mwizenge S.
Tembo. Research fellow. Personality is influenced by both biological and environmental factors; culture is one of the most important environmental factors that shapes personality.
Considering cultural influences on personality is important because Western ideas and theories are not necessarily applicable to other cultures.