The alarming rate of juvenile delinquency and cases of teenage suicides in the us

These sources may yield different crime rates and trends. Each source has advantages and drawbacks, and each alone gives an incomplete picture of crime. In this section, we discuss these sources of data and their strengths and weaknesses. Arrest Data A common way of measuring crime is to use the Uniform Crime Reports UCRwhich are compiled from data on crimes known to the police and on arrests that are reported annually to the Federal Bureau of Investigation FBI by police agencies around the country.

The alarming rate of juvenile delinquency and cases of teenage suicides in the us

These sources may yield different crime rates and trends. Each source has advantages and drawbacks, and each alone gives an incomplete picture of crime. In this section, we discuss these sources of data and their strengths and weaknesses. Arrest Data A common way of measuring crime is to use the Uniform Crime Reports UCRwhich are compiled from data on crimes known to the police and on arrests that are reported annually to the Federal Bureau of Investigation FBI by police agencies around the country.

Data have been collected by the FBI sinceallowing the study of crime and arrest trends over time.

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The UCR provide crime counts for the United States as a whole, as well as for regions, states, counties, cities, and towns.

In addition, the UCR provide data on, among other things, crimes known to the police, crimes cleared by arrest, and characteristics of persons arrested.

However, UCR reporting is voluntary, and the total number of reporting police agencies varies from year to year. The accuracy and completeness of the data are affected by the voluntary nature of UCR reporting Maltz, In some years, data from one or more entire states have been unavailable.

The alarming rate of juvenile delinquency and cases of teenage suicides in the us

For example, from tono usable data were obtained from either Florida or Kentucky Federal Bureau of Investigation, Coverage within states also varies from year to year.

The FBI imputes information when none has been reported. Because many of the tables in the published UCR, including the breakdown by age, are based on whichever agencies report in a given year and not on a nationally representative sample, caution must be used in making generalizations to all young people in the United States based on UCR data.

This is particularly true with regard to analyses regarding race, because the racial makeup of the areas covered by reporting agencies may not reflect the racial makeup of the country.

Juvenile Crime, Juvenile Justice. The National Academies Press. The crime index includes the violent offenses of murder and nonnegligent homicide, forcible rape, robbery, aggravated assault, and the property offenses of burglary, larceny theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson.

There are drawbacks to using arrest data as a measure of crime. Arrest statistics do not reflect the number of different people arrested each year, because an unknown number of people may be arrested more than once in a year. For some crimes, no arrests are made.

For others, there may be multiple arrests. Furthermore, not everyone who is arrested has committed the crime for which he or she was arrested. Arrests also depend on a number of factors other than overall crime levels, including policies of particular police agencies, the cooperation of victims, the skill of the perpetrator, and the age, sex, race, and social class of the suspect Cook and Laub, ; McCord, c.

Nor should arrest statistics be confused with the number of crimes committed, because in some cases, the arrest of one person may account for a series of crimes, and in others several people may be arrested for one crime.

This is particularly true for young people, who are more likely than adults to commit crimes in a group McCord, ; Reiss, ; Reiss and Farrington, ; Zimring, Snyder contends that this tendency to offend in groups makes arrest statistics an inappropriate measure of the relative proportion of crime attributed to young people.

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They found that the number of crimes accounted for by juveniles would be reduced by approximately 40 percent with an adjustment for co-offending. Rather, arrest statistics measure the flow of young people into the juvenile justice system or the criminal justice system.

For this reason, the number of crimes known to police is often a preferred measure of crime Cook and Laub, The UCR provide information on all crimes known to reporting police agencies, whether or not an arrest has been made.

There is no information on age of the perpetrator, however, in the data on crimes known to police; thus even if they are a more accurate crime measure, the number of crimes known to police cannot be used to analyze juvenile crime.

Arrest clearance statistics, which measure the proportion of reported crime cleared by arrest or other exceptional means, such as death of the offendermay more accurately portray the proportion of crime committed by young people, according to Snyder But even clearance statistics may overestimate juvenile crime.

For example, if young people are more easily apprehended than adults, the proportion of their crimes cleared by arrest would be higher than the proportion of all crimes for which they were responsible Snyder, Likewise, Reiss and Farrington showed that offending appears less common in the teenage years if the rate is based on the number of offenses which takes into account co-offending committed by juveniles rather than on the number of juvenile offenders.

Another problem with the UCR as a measure of crime is that, regardless of the number of offenses that occur in an incident leading to arrest, only one offense—the most serious—is counted for a detailed discussion of gaps in the UCR see Maltz, This procedure results in less serious crimes being undercounted by arrest statistics and a lack of information on the circumstances surrounding the crime.

For example, if a homicide occurs during a robbery, only the homicide is counted.Juveniles have become the driving force behind the nation’s alarming increases in violent crime, with juvenile arrests for murder, rape, robbery and aggravated assault growing sharply in the past decade as pistols and drugs became more available, and are expected to continue at the same alarming rate during the next decade.

Law Enforcement & Juvenile Crime: Law enforcement agencies are a gateway to the juvenile justice system, and the arrest statistics maintained by law enforcement are the most frequently cited source of information on juvenile crime trends. This section provides access to detailed Uniform Crime Report (UCR) statistics on juvenile arrests.

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2 pages. The Question of Whether Gun Control Increases or Decrease Crime. words. An Analysis of the Race Issue in White Racial Identity Development in the United States . Juvenile Cyber Suicides Suggestions to control alarming rate of Juvenile Cyber Delinquency juvenile cybercrime problem will push us to finally re-examine our entire criminal justice system and how it just grew that way Unless successful and .

suicidal thoughts and behaviors among 1, youth ages 10 to 18 in the Northwestern Juvenile Project—a longitudinal study of youth detained at the Cook County Juvenile Temporary Detention Center in Chicago, IL.

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