River cruises on the Seine Planning a visit to Paris or just curious The Eiffel tower in Paris was inaugurated on 31 March
Although the family always used the name Eiffel, Gustave's name was registered at birth as Bonickhausen dit Eiffel,  and was not officially changed to Eiffel until Due to his mother's business commitments, Gustave spent his childhood living with his grandmother, but nevertheless remained close to his mother, who was to remain an influential figure until her death in His father, however, did not play a big part La tour eiffel young Eiffel's early life.
The business was successful enough for Catherine Eiffel to sell it in and retire on the proceeds. Both men spent a lot of time with the young Eiffel, teaching him about everything from chemistry and mining to theology and philosophy.
This is what is thought to be one of the things that led young Eiffel into his career of engineering. This was the year that Paris hosted the second World's Fair, and Eiffel was bought a season ticket by his mother.
After graduation, Eiffel had hoped to find work in his uncle's workshop in Dijon, but a family dispute made this impossible. After a few months working as an unpaid assistant to his brother-in-law, who managed a foundryEiffel approached the railway engineer Charles Nepveuwho gave Eiffel his first paid job as his private secretary.
Nepveu was appointed the managing director of the two factories in Paris, and offered Eiffel a job as head of the research department.
These were constructed with the aid of compressed air caissons and hydraulic ramsboth innovative techniques at the time.
Eiffel was initially given the responsibility of La tour eiffel the metalwork and eventually took over the management of the entire project from Nepveu, who resigned in March His work had also gained the attention of several people who were later to give him work, including Stanislas de la Roche Toulay, who had prepared the design for the metalwork of the Bordeaux bridge, Jean Baptiste Krantz and Wilhelm Nordling.
Further promotion within the company followed, but the business began to decline, and in Eiffel, seeing no future there, resigned and set up as an independent consulting engineer. He was already working independently on the construction of two railway stations, at Toulouse and Agenand in he was given a contract to oversee the construction of 33 locomotives for the Egyptian government, a profitable but undemanding job in the course of which he visited Egypt, where he visited the Suez Canal which was being constructed by Ferdinand de Lesseps.
At the same time he was employed by Jean-Baptiste Kranz to assist him in the design of the exhibition hall for the Exposition Universelle which was to be held in Eiffel's principal job was to draw up the arch girders of the Galerie des Machines.
In order to carry out this work, Eiffel and Henri Treca, the director of the Conservatoire des Arts et Metiers conducted valuable research on the structural properties of cast irondefinitively establishing the modulus of elasticity applicable to compound castings.
Eiffel et Cie[ edit ] The Budapest-Nyugati station. At the end of Eiffel managed to borrow enough money to set up his own workshops at 48 Rue Fouquet in Levallois-Perret.
InEiffel et Cie were given two important contracts, one for a new terminus for the line from Vienna to Budapest and the other for a bridge over the river Douro in Portugal.
The usual pattern for building a railway terminus was to conceal the metal structure behind an elaborate facade: Eiffel's design for Budapest used the metal structure as the centerpiece of the building, flanked on either side by conventional stone and brick-clad structures housing administrative offices.
The task was a demanding one: This was greater than the longest arch span which had been built at the time. The price quoted by Eiffel was FF. On-site work began in January and was complete by the end of October The Exposition Universelle in firmly established his reputation as one of the leading engineers of the time.
As well as exhibiting models and drawings of work undertaken by the company, Eiffel was also responsible for the construction of several of the exhibition buildings.
Like the Douro bridge, the project involved a lengthy viaduct crossing the river valley as well as the river itself, and Eiffel was given the job without any process of competitive tendering due to his success with the bridge over the Douro.
Interior structural elements of the Statue of Liberty designed by Gustave Eiffel. The same year Eiffel started work on a system of standardised prefabricated bridges, an idea that was the result of a conversation with the governor of Cochin-China.
These used a small number of standard components, all small enough to be readily transportable in areas with poor or non-existent roads, and were joined together using bolts rather than rivetsreducing the need for skilled labour on site. A number of different types were produced, ranging from footbridges to standard-gauge railway bridges.
Eiffel was selected because of his experience with wind stresses. Eiffel devised a structure consisting of a four-legged pylon to support the copper sheeting which made up the body of the statue. The entire statue was erected at the Eiffel works in Paris before being dismantled and shipped to the United States.
This was the most important building in a complex designed by Charles Garnierlater among the most prominent critics of the Tower. The dome, with a diameter of This had been patented by Eiffel in The Eiffel Tower[ edit ] Main article: Eiffel Tower Koechlin's first drawing for the Eiffel Tower.
Note the sketched stack of buildings, with Notre Dame at the bottom, indicating the scale of the proposed tower. The design of the Eiffel Tower was originated by Maurice Koechlin and Emile Nouguier, who had discussed ideas for a centrepiece for the Exposition Universelle.
In May Koechlin, working at his home, made an outline drawing of their scheme, described by him as "a great pylon, consisting of four lattice girders standing apart at the base and coming together at the top, joined together by metal trusses at regular intervals".La population de Paris compte plus de 2 millions d’habitants et vous êtes presque autant à suivre l’actualité de la tour Eiffel sur Facebook en provenance des 4 coins du monde!
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