The study of writing systems, to a large extent, consists of establishing correspondences between these marks, or symbols, and units of the spoken language such as individual sounds, syllables, morphemes smallest units of meaningor words. Whereas speech is ephemeral, writing leaves a permanent record of a language. The invention of writing some 5, years ago is probably one of the greatest achievements of humankind.
Quintus can be found at qcurtius. This focus is understandable, as most language students will have as their primary goal the speedy acquisition of conversational proficiency.
Until now, however, little attention has been paid to the area of written proficiency: It is a neglected topic that merits discussion. Writing proficiency is, after all, the capstone of language mastery; and the ambitious student will not shy away from accepting this challenge.
Sooner or later, there will be occasions when we will need to write, in our target language, a letter, email, resume, a short essay, or some other extended composition. The arts of composition and translation involve a different set of skills than those required for speaking and listening.
Prose composition sharpens the linguistic abilities, focuses our artistic impulses, and drives us to discipline our wayward grammar. We will discuss some general principles that will provide a foundation for future study. From the start, the student must be guided by attention to the following three things: Precision of expression is the ability to write passages that accurately convey the meaning and spirit of the original.
Grace of style is the ability to write a passage that is more than just a clumsy, wooden reproduction of the original English. Stylistic elegance is an art attained only by constant practice and exposure to good writings in our target language.
Ideally, our goal should be to produce a composition that a native speaker might recognize as something linguistically honorable and worthy of his own pen. How to achieve these three elements of good composition?
We will discuss each of them in greater detail. Precision Of Expression Precision of expression is essentially the efficient use of words, phrases, clauses, and sentences to convey the meaning of the original English into the target language.
One must develop an instinct of what is correct or preferred usage, and what is not.
A helpful technique here is the concept of the exemplar: Precise expression first begins with imitation. A writer works with his target language in the same way that a pizza-maker rolls and stretches his dough: Every language has writers or sources that are generally considered paragons of good style.
Our task is to seek out such exemplars of style, and imitate them, in order to acquire a feel for what is good.A writer’s style is a reflection of his or her personality, unique voice, and way of approaching the audience and readers.
However, every piece writers write is for a specific purpose—for example, writers may want to explain how something works or persuade people to agree with their point of view.
Feb 19, · Here are some ways to greet people around the world, formally and informally, at different times of lausannecongress2018.coms: Direct InstructionThis font allows a teacher to make up reading lists using the Direct Instruction letter sounds.
Nov 16, · Best Answer: That's not how languages work, you ignorant tard. There is no H in japanese or japanese, they have an entirely different alphabet with different pronunciations. Roman would be latin, which uses the Latin alphabet, which is the alphabet you're using lausannecongress2018.com: Resolved.
Feb 19, · Each day our K-! class learns one word that means hello from a different country. Then we go around the group, shake hands and say it, one at a time. I wanted to show them your site on the Smartboard, but beside it, it says, "How to Use Chinese Curse Words and lausannecongress2018.coms: A writing system, also referred to as script or orthography, is a convention for representing the units of a spoken language by making marks on rocks, leaves, clay, bark, metal, or paper.